Nobel Prize and Important Facts of Nobel Prize

What is Nobel Prize?

  • The Nobel Prize was established as per the wish of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel in 1895
  • The Prize in the areas of Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901
  • The Prize in Economics was established in 1968 by the Sveriges Riksbank in memory of Alfred Nobel and first awarded in 1969.

Who Selects the Nobel Laureates?

  • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences selects the Nobel Laureate in Physics, Chemistry and Economics.
  • Karolinska Institute selects Nobel Laureate in the field of Physiology or Medicine.
  • The Swedish Academy for the Nobel Prize selects Nobel Laureate in Literature.
  • A Committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Parliament selects for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Ceremony

  • The only Nobel Peace Prize ceremony is held in Oslo, Norway and The other prize ceremonies take place in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • The Nobel Prizes have been presented to the Laureates at ceremonies on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.

Rewards

  • Each recipient receives a gold medal, a diploma, and the prize money of 9 million SEK or US$986,000 (2018), that has been decided by the Nobel Foundation.
  • Medals made before 1980 were struck in 23-carat gold, and later in 18-carat green gold plated with a 24-carat gold coating.

Important Facts of Nobel Prize:

  • The Nobel prize is not awarded posthumously; however, if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize may still be presented.
  • A prize may not be shared among more than three individuals.
  • There are total of 590 Nobel awards have been given to 908 individuals and 27 organizations between 1901 to 2018. Of them, 81 are Laureates in Economic Sciences.
  • The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901 to Henry Dunant (Switzerland) and Frédéric Passy (France).
  • Wilhelm Röntgen was the first recipient of Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of x-rays.
  • Jacobus Henricus "Henry" van 't Hoff was the first recipient of Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Emil von Behring was the first recipient of Nobel Prize in Medician for his discovery of a diphtheria antitoxin.
  • Sully Prudhomme was the first recipient of Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • Ragnar Frisk and Jan Tinbergen were joint winners of the first Nobel Prize in the field of Economics science.
  • Malala Yousafzai is the youngest Laureate who got the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 at the age of just 17 years.
  • John B. Goodenough is becomes the oldest laureate who got the Nobel Prize in the field of Chemistry in 2019 at the age of 97 years.
  • John Bardeen is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, in 1956 and 1972.
  • The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Peace thrice, in 1917, 1944 and 1963.
  • UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Peace twice, in 1954 and 1981.
  • Frederick Sanger is the only Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980.
  • Marie Curie is the only woman who has been awarded twice, with the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics and the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • L. Pauling is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded twice, with the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Prize in Peace.
  • The Curie family is the most successful Nobel Prize family in history, having received five Nobel Prizes.
  • Eight Indians have received Nobel Prize so far.
Nobel Prize and Important Facts of Nobel Prize Nobel Prize and Important Facts of Nobel Prize Reviewed by Admin on October 12, 2019 Rating: 5

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